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South Atlantic Water Science Center - Georgia Office

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Picture of a monitoring site in Glynn County, Georgia.



Groundwater Monitoring project home page. Project home


USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.

There is a USGS Water Science Center office in each State. Washington Oregon California Idaho Nevada Montana Wyoming Utah Colorado Arizona New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Mississippi Michigan Indiana Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Alabama Pennsylvania West Virginia Georgia Florida Caribbean Alaska Hawaii New York Vermont New Hampshire Maine Massachusetts South Carolina North Carolina Rhode Island Virginia Connecticut New Jersey Maryland-Delaware-D.C.

Groundwater Information and Project Support

Project Chief: Michael F. Peck
Cooperator: Georgia Department of Natural Resources Environmental Protection Division, St. Johns River Water Management District, Florida
Year started: 1938

Picture of hydrologic technicians setting up a real-time continuous recorder in Glynn County, Georgia.

Hydrologic technicians set up a real-time continuous recorder in Glynn County, Georgia, to monitor water-levels and specific conductance. The site is a multipoint well completed in the upper and lower water-bearing zones of the Upper Floridan aquifer. The equipment consists of a data logger, two 30-pounds-per-square-inch transducers to record water levels, an electric pump, and a specific conductance probe. Water levels are measured hourly and specific conductance once-per-day and transmitted by satellite telemetry. Photo by Alan M. Cressler.


Groundwater supplies about 22 percent of freshwater withdrawals in Georgia—about 1.2 billion gallons per day during 2005. More than 1.9 million people are served by groundwater supplies, and 486 million gallons per day are withdrawn for irrigation (Fanning and Trent, 2009). The distribution and quality of groundwater are highly variable and directly related to geology and natural and human stresses. Monitoring groundwater levels and groundwater quality is essential for the management and development of this resource.


  • Collect groundwater-level and ground-water-quality data to assess the quantity, quality, and distribution of ground water.
  • Provide data to address water-management needs and evaluate the effects of national and local management and conservation programs.
  • Contribute data to national databases that will be used to advance the understanding of regional and temporal variations in hydrologic conditions.

Groundwater Monitoring Network

Network map

Data Requests

The Georgia Groundwater Information and Project Support Unit will, upon request, perform database searches using the Groundwater Site Inventory (GWSI) database.


Fanning, J.L., and Trent, V.P., 2009, Water Use in Georgia by County for 2005; and Water-Use Trends, 1980–2005: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5002, 186 p.; Web-only publication.

Peck, M.F., and Painter, J.A., and Leeth, D.C., 2009, Ground-water conditions and studies in Georgia, 2006–2007: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5070.

Leeth, D.C., Peck, M.F., and Painter, J.A., 2007, Ground-water conditions and studies in Georgia, 2004–2005: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007–5017, 299 p., CD–ROM.

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