USGS - science for a changing world

South Atlantic Water Science Center - Georgia

 South Atlantic WSC  Georgia office  Information/data  Projects  Publications  RiverCam  Drought  Flood  About  Contact
Typical center-pivot system consisting of a well connected to a sprinkler system.



South-Central Georgia project home page. Project home



USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.

There is a USGS Water Science Center office in each State. Washington Oregon California Idaho Nevada Montana Wyoming Utah Colorado Arizona New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Mississippi Michigan Indiana Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Alabama Pennsylvania West Virginia Georgia Florida Caribbean Alaska Hawaii New York Vermont New Hampshire Maine Massachusetts South Carolina North Carolina Rhode Island Virginia Connecticut New Jersey Maryland-Delaware-D.C.

Hydrogeology and Impact of Pumping on Shallow Water-Bearing Zones and the Upper Floridan Aquifer, South-Central Georgia

Project Chief: Lester J. Williams
Cooperator: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division
Year started: 2007


Map of the study area

During the drought conditions of 2007, ground-water-level declines in south-central Georgia have resulted in numerous domestic wells “going dry,” requiring pumps to be lowered or drilling of replacement wells. The cause of the declines is unknown but could be related to reduced recharge during the drought, increased pumping from the Upper Floridan aquifer, or a combination of both. Data from the Statewide ground-water monitoring network indicates that ground-water levels have declined more than 30 feet in the past 30 years (see graph, lower right). Additional data were needed to better define the geologic and hydrogeologic characteristics and the interconnection between the shallow water-bearing zones and the Upper Floridan aquifer.


The objective of this study is to define geologic and hydrologic characteristics and interconnection of the shallow water-bearing zones and the Upper Floridan aquifer. The study area includes eight counties in south-central Georgia (see map, upper right). Field work for this study includes:

  • Inventory existing domestic and irrigation wells to provide aquifer data in areas of sparse data coverage.
  • Collect core samples and install test wells at selected sites.
  • Evaluate paleontology and stratigraphy of core samples.
  • Collect borehole geophysical logs in new and existing wells to further define the stratigraphy and hydrogeologic characteristics of the area.
  • Conduct aquifer tests in selected wells to determine hydraulic properties and aquifer interconnection.
  • Install continuous water-level recorders to establish fluctu-ations and trends in the shallow water-bearing zones.

USGS Home Water Climate Change Core Science Ecosystems Energy and Minerals Env. Health Hazards

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information:
Page Last Modified: Friday, 03-Oct-2014 07:25:00 EDT